̲Ͳ  '    Ͳ ˲           N 37  01.12.99 .    ,     3.3.6.037-99 1.     1.1.     , -  ,     ( ),            . 1.2.   : -    ; -  㳺   ,   ; - ,  ,    ; -      . 1.3.    '   , , , ,       , ,  ,    ,   ,    ,   ;             ;        . 1.4.        - : ,  ,  , ,    .,        , ,   ,    ,  ,    , -     . 1.5.  ()          . ³        , ,     . 1.6.         :       N 3223-85,        ,  ,       N 2282-80,           N 1733-77,       N 2274-80,           N 877-71,             , , , -     N 1102-73,       N 4616-88 (    ),       N 2498-81 (       ),         N 2498-81  -             N 4143-86,        N 1404-76 (       ),             N 1844-78. 2.     2.1.   2.1.1.       : - ,        ; -   ,       .                        10 . 2.1.2.       : - ,                 5       ""    ""; - ,                5       ""    "". 2.1.3.    : - ,      ; - ,       5         ""    "",    ,      ,  1   ; - ,        ,      1 ,  ,    (1)  (),     ""  "" ,      7 . 2.2.   2.2.1.          : - ,     ; - ,           . 2.2.2.     : - ,         ( 1,210  .4  1,010  .5 ); - ,        ( 1,010  .5  1,010  .9 ). 2.3.   2.3.1.      : - ,       "˳"   ""      10   1 . ; - ,       "˳"   ""     10   1 . . 3.  ,   3.1.  ,   3.1.1.      ,  ,           31,5; 63; 125; 500; 1000; 2000; 4000; 8000   ,    : |_ = 20 Lg P/Po (1) : P -        , ; P o -      ,   2  10  . -5 . 3.1.2.   㳺        ,  ,      ,    ""   ""     : |_A = 20 Lg PA /Po (2) : P A -        "" , . 3.1.3.             1. 3.1.4.    (     )   ,  ,    -  ( 㳿)      .           .     -  1.   -    ,    䳿         ,    "" .       2  3. 3.1.5.               .       4. 3.2.  ,  . 3.2.1.      ,  ,            2; 4; 8; 16   . 3.2.2.    ,  ,         "˳"   .       2  3. 3.2.3.             "˳"  "" . ) |_. - |_ < = 10 ,   ; ) 10 /|_. - |_ /< = 20 ,   ; ) |_. - |_ > 20 ,  . 3.3.  ,   3.3.1.  ,  ,       ,             12,5; 16,0; 20,0; 25,0; 31,5; 40,0; 63,0; 80,0; 100,0 . 3.3.2.  ,      ,     (/)     0,1   10 ,      ,    : Lv = 20 lg V/Vo (3) : V -  , /; V o -   ,   510 /.         ,  ,       (/. ). 4.   ,    4.1.         ,   ,      ( ,     ..). 4.1.1.           ( ). 4.1.2.      : -   ,              ; -  ,    ,     - 30        ,  10 . ; -      - 30 . 4.1.3.            ,           .          .         q = 3 -  ,     ,     䳿  2    򳺿   .       . 4.1.4.           . г      1 . 4.1.5.         1,5        (   )      15    ,   䳺  (     ). ̳               0,5   ,   . 4.1.6.       1 /  ,   ,    . 4.1.7.               "".           31,5 - 8000 .         , , .        ""  "". 4.1.8.                    "".          . 4.1.9.                1 , . 4.1.10.                    . 4.1.11.      ,    ,    ( 㳺)          "".           . 4.1.12.               "".       . 4.1.13.    ,    ,      30   5 - 6      360. 4.1.14.              . 4.2.        (   , ,    . .),           .     -        ,  ,     15    . 4.2.1.     1      1      ,       2 - 3 .          2 . 4.2.2.         .    ,                 "",     ,    -     .      ,  ,        ""    . 4.2.3.           ,    1.  1 ̳         ------------------------------------------------------------------ |  ||   ()   | |  | |  ,  | | |,|---------------------------------------| | |  | 2 | 4 | 8 | 16 | |----------------+-------+---------+----------+---------+--------| |̳ | +3 | 30 | 15 | 8 | 4 | |----------------+-------+---------+----------+---------+--------| | | +1 | 300 | 150 | 80 | 40 | ------------------------------------------------------------------ 4.3.          4.1.6   0,5         2    .        4     ;  ,        1 . 4.4.  ,    ,        ,      . 4.4.1.        .         ,              80 ,  ,   ,       ,  -40,        -12. 4.4.2.                .           . 5.   ,    5.1.        ,          2.  2 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ | N|   , | г         | г  | |/|   |  ,  |  | | | | || | | | |  ,| | | |--------------------------------------------------------| , | | | |31,5 |63 |125 |250 |500 |1000 |2000 |4000 |8000 | . | |---+--------------------------+------+----+-----+-----+-----+------+------+------+-----+------------| | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | |----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------| | ϳ, ,  | |----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------| | 1.| , | 86 |71 | 61 | 54 | 49 | 45 | 42 | 40 | 38 | 50 | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | | , | | | | | | | | | | | | | , | | | | | | | | | | | | |  | | | | | | | | | | | | |, | | | | | | | | | | | | |,  | | | | | | | | | | | | | ,  | | | | | | | | | | | | |;   | | | | | | | | | | | | |  - , | | | | | | | | | | | | |- | | | | | | | | | | | | |, , | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | |  | | | | | | | | | | | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | | ,  | | | | | | | | | | | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | |---+--------------------------+------+----+-----+-----+-----+------+------+------+-----+------------| | 2.| | 93 |79 | 70 | 63 | 58 | 55 | 52 | 50 | 49 | 60 | | |,   | | | | | | | | | | | | |, | | | | | | | | | | | | |- | | | | | | | | | | | | |,  | | | | | | | | | | | | |    | | | | | | | | | | | | |:   | | | | | | | | | | | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | | , | | | | | | | | | | | | |,  | | | | | | | | | | | |---+--------------------------+------+----+-----+-----+-----+------+------+------+-----+------------| | 3.|,    | 96 |83 | 74 | 68 | 63 | 60 | 57 | 55 | 54 | 65 | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | |,   | | | | | | | | | | | | |, ,  | | | | | | | | | | | | |  | | | | | | | | | | | | | , | | | | | | | | | | | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | |, | | | | | | | | | | | | | : | | | | | | | | | | | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | , | | | | | | | | | | | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | |  | | | | | | | | | | | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | | '  | | | | | | | | | | | | |,  | | | | | | | | | | | | |,   | | | | | | | | | | | | | ,  | | | | | | | | | | | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | |,   | | | | | | | | | | | | |,    | | | | | | | | | | | | |  | | | | | | | | | | | | |  | | | | | | | | | | | | |    | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |- | | | | | | | | | | | |---+--------------------------+------+----+-----+-----+-----+------+------+------+-----+------------| | 4.|,   | 103 |91 | 83 | 77 | 73 | 70 | 68 | 66 | 64 | 75 | | |,   | | | | | | | | | | | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | |  | | | | | | | | | | | | | : | | | | | | | | | | | | |    | | | | | | | | | | | | |    | | | | | | | | | | | | |  | | | | | | | | | | | | |  '  | | | | | | | | | | | | |;   | | | | | | | | | | | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | |,  | | | | | | | | | | | | |  | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |---+--------------------------+------+----+-----+-----+-----+------+------+------+-----+------------| | 5.|   | 107 |95 | 87 | 82 | 78 | 75 | 73 | 71 | 69 | 80 | | | (   | | | | | | | | | | | | |. 1 - 4   | | | | | | | | | | | | |)    | | | | | | | | | | | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------| |     | | | |----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------| | 6.|    | 107 |95 | 87 | 82 | 78 | 75 | 73 | 71 | 69 | 80 | | | , | | | | | | | | | | | | |,  | | | | | | | | | | | | |, | | | | | | | | | | | | |-  | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |---+--------------------------+------+----+-----+-----+-----+------+------+------+-----+------------| | 7.|    | 99 |91 | 83 | 77 | 73 | 70 | 68 | 66 | 64 | 75 | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |---+--------------------------+------+----+-----+-----+-----+------+------+------+-----+------------| | 8.|   | 93 |79 | 70 | 63 | 58 | 55 | 52 | 50 | 49 | 60 | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | |,  | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | , | | | | | | | | | | | | | , | | | | | | | | | | | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | |    | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |---+--------------------------+------+----+-----+-----+-----+------+------+------+-----+------------| | 9.|  | 96 |87 | 79 | 72 | 68 | 65 | 63 | 61 | 59 | 70 | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | |, | | | | | | | | | | | | |- | | | | | | | | | | | |----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------| | ̳, ,     | |----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------| |10.|    | 107 |95 | 87 | 82 | 78 | 75 | 73 | 71 | 69 | 80 | | |  | | | | | | | | | | | |---+--------------------------+------+----+-----+-----+-----+------+------+------+-----+------------| |11.|   | 96 |87 | 79 | 72 | 68 | 65 | 63 | 61 | 59 | 70 | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | |  | | | | | | | | | | | |---+--------------------------+------+----+-----+-----+-----+------+------+------+-----+------------| |12.|    | 96 |83 | 74 | 68 | 63 | 60 | 57 | 55 | 54 | 65 | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | |(), | | | | | | | | | | | | |,    | | | | | | | | | | | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | |  | | | | | | | | | | | | | , | | | | | | | | | | | | | ,  | | | | | | | | | | | | |  | | | | | | | | | | | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | |  | | | | | | | | | | | |---+--------------------------+------+----+-----+-----+-----+------+------+------+-----+------------| |13.|    | | | | | | | | | | | | |  | | | | | | | | | | | | |--------------------------+------+----+-----+-----+-----+------+------+------+-----+------------| | |I - II  | 89 |75 | 66 | 59 | 54 | 50 | 47 | 45 | 44 | 55 | | |--------------------------+------+----+-----+-----+-----+------+------+------+-----+------------| | | III - IV  | 93 |79 | 70 | 63 | 58 | 55 | 52 | 50 | 49 | 60 | | |--------------------------+------+----+-----+-----+-----+------+------+------+-----+------------| | |   | 93 |79 | 70 | 63 | 58 | 55 | 52 | 50 | 49 | 60 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |---+--------------------------+------+----+-----+-----+-----+------+------+------+-----+------------| |14.|  | 107 |95 | 87 | 82 | 78 | 75 | 73 | 71 | 69 | 80 | | |- | | | | | | | | | | | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |---+--------------------------+------+----+-----+-----+-----+------+------+------+-----+------------| |15.|   | 96 |83 | 74 | 68 | 63 | 60 | 57 | 55 | 54 | 65 | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | |    | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------| | , , , -, ,   | |   ,  | |----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------| |16.|  䳿  | 107 |95 | 87 | 82 | 78 | 75 | 73 | 71 | 69 | 80 | | |  | | | | | | | | | | | | |, | | | | | | | | | | | | |, | | | | | | | | | | | | |, | | | | | | | | | | | | |-, | | | | | | | | | | | | |,  | | | | | | | | | | | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | |, 䳿  | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |---+--------------------------+------+----+-----+-----+-----+------+------+------+-----+------------| |17.|  䳿 | 99 |91 | 83 | 77 | 73 | 70 | 68 | 66 | 64 | 75 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |---+--------------------------+------+----+-----+-----+-----+------+------+------+-----+------------| |18.|  䳿 | 96 |83 | 74 | 68 | 63 | 60 | 57 | 55 | 54 | 65 | | |  | | | | | | | | | | | |----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------| |       | |----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------| |19.|    | 107 |95 | 87 | 82 | 78 | 75 | 73 | 71 | 69 | 80 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 5.2.        ,                  5    ,     2. 5.3.  ,      ,    ,        ,             5        ,       2.      ,  ,  . 5.4.   ,      ,    110 .         125 . 5.5.                        3.  3 ------------------------------------------------------------------ | ,   | |     | |   | |  | | | |----------------------------------| | | |1  |2  |3  | | |---------------------------------------------| | | г ,  | |------------------+---------------------------------------------| | | 80 |  80 | 75 |  75 | | | | | | | |------------------+----------+-----------+-----------+----------| |  | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |------------------+----------+-----------+-----------+----------| |1  | 70 |  70 | 65 |  65 | |------------------+----------+-----------+-----------+----------| |2  | 60 |  60 | - | - | |------------------+----------+-----------+-----------+----------| |3  | 50 |  50 | - | - | ------------------------------------------------------------------ 5.6.           12,5; 16; 25; 31,5 - 100             4.  4 ------------------------------------------------------------------ | | 12,5 | 16 | 20 | 25 | 31,5 -| |  | | | | | | |,  | | | | | | |--------------------------+-------+------+------+------+--------| |  ,  | 80 | 90 | 100 | 105 | 110 | ------------------------------------------------------------------           16; 31,5; 63       5.  5 ------------------------------------------------------------------ | | 16 | 31,5 | 63  | |  ,  | | | | |-------------------------------+---------+----------+-----------| |  ,  | 88 | 106 | 110 | ------------------------------------------------------------------ 5.7.     ,           ,  8-      ,    6.  6 ------------------------------------------------------------------ | ,   |   | |----------------------------------+-----------------------------| |³ | 1,6  10  . -2 / | |----------------------------------+-----------------------------| |  | 110  | | | | |----------------------------------+-----------------------------| | | 0,1 / | ------------------------------------------------------------------ 5.8.     ,  ,           : 2; 4; 8; 16   .      7.  7 ------------------------------------------------------------------ |       | | |    ,  | ,| | | . | |-----------------------------------------------+----------------| | 2 | 4 | 8 | 16 | | |----------+------------+------------+----------+----------------| | 105 | 105 | 105 | 105 | 110 | ------------------------------------------------------------------  1             |_.        |_.      .1.1.  .1.1. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- |г  | 0 | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 15 |20 | |,  | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |, | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |   | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |--------------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+----| |  |3,0 |2,5 |2,0 |1,8 |1,5 |1,2 |1,0 |0,8 |0,6 |0,5 |0,4 |0,2 | 0 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |,  | | | | | | | | | | | | | | ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------        : 1)   ,  ; 2)         ; 3)      ; 4)  䳿         .. ³   "n"  10 lg n,   .           5 ,    |_. |_.       .  2         ,  (  , )    . 1.   |_Ai, , |_i,       |_Ai,      |_i          .2.1.  .2.1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- | |480 |420 |360 |300 |240 |150 |120 | 60 | 30 | 15 | 6 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |, ./ | | | | | | | | | | | | |---------------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+------+------+------| |/ %   |100 | 88 | 75 | 65 | 50 | 38 | 25 | 12 | 6 | 3 | 1 | |---------------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+------+------+------| | | 0 |0,6 |1,2 |2,0 |3,0 |4,2 |6,0 |9,0 |12,0 |15,1 |19,1 | ||_, |_ | | | | | | | | | | | | -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2.   |_Ai - |_Ai, |_i - |_i    . 3.          .1.1.        .      : : |_1A = 110   30 . |_2A = 98   130 . |_3A = 75   320 .   .2.1  |_ A     . |_1A = 12,0  |_2A = 6,0  |_3A = 2,0    |_Ai - |_Ai   . 110  - 12,0  = 98,0  98  - 6,0  = 92,0  75  - 2,0  = 73,0        .1.1. 98  - 92,0  = 6,0     6,0   |_A = 1 ,     : 98,0  + 1  = 99,0           : 99,0  - 73,0  = 26,0     26,0   |_A = 0,     : 99,0  + 0 = 99,0    - 99 . 
  3    ,         . 1. ij  ,  ,    :  38  42;  43  47;  48  52;  53  57;  58  62;  63  67;  68  72;  73  77;  78  82;  83  87;  88  92;  93  97;  98  102;  103  107;  108  112;  113  117;  118  122 . 2.      ,        .      2  3  .3.1. 3.   .3.2               .      4 . .3.1. 4.    4   ,      5 . .3.1. 5.    |_. = 30 + |_Ai,  |_Ai - , ,     .3.3      .  .3.1 ,     (  30 .) ------------------------------------------------------------------ |  |  | ||| | , |  |   | |  | |  |  |  | | | |--------------+----------------+--------------+--------+--------| | 38  42 | | | | | |--------------+----------------+--------------+--------+--------| | 43  47 | | | | | |--------------+----------------+--------------+--------+--------| | 48  52 | | | | | |--------------+----------------+--------------+--------+--------| | 53  57 | | | | | |--------------+----------------+--------------+--------+--------| | 58  62 | | | | | |--------------+----------------+--------------+--------+--------| | 63  67 | | | | | |--------------+----------------+--------------+--------+--------| | 68  72 | | | | | |--------------+----------------+--------------+--------+--------| | 73  77 | | | | | |--------------+----------------+--------------+--------+--------| | 78  82 | | | | | |--------------+----------------+--------------+--------+--------| | 83  87 | | | | | |--------------+----------------+--------------+--------+--------| | 88  92 | | | | | |--------------+----------------+--------------+--------+--------| | 93  97 | | | | | |--------------+----------------+--------------+--------+--------| | 98  102 | | | | | |--------------+----------------+--------------+--------+--------| | 103  107| | | | | |--------------+----------------+--------------+--------+--------| | 108  112| | | | | |--------------+----------------+--------------+--------+--------| | 113  117| | | | | |--------------+----------------+--------------+--------+--------| | 118  122| | | | | |--------------+----------------+--------------+--------+--------| | | |_A. = | |  | | | | |_A. = | |  | | ------------------------------------------------------------------  .3.2 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- |  |   ,  | | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| |  | | | | | | | | | | | |   |----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| ||³ |³ | ³ | ³ | ³ | ³ |³ 68 |³ 73 | ³ 78 | ³ 83 | | | 38 | 43 | 48 | 53 | 58 | 63 | 72 | 77 |  82 |  87 | | |  |  |  |  |  |  | | | | | | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | |   | |---------+---------------------------------------------------------------------| | 1 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 1 | 3 | 9 | 28 | 88 | 278 | 878 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| | 2 | 0 | 0 | 1 | 2 | 6 | 18 | 56 | 176 | 556 | 1760 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| | 3 | 0 | 0 | 1 | 3 | 8 | 26 | 83 | 284 | 833 | 2640 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| | 4 | 0 | 0 | 1 | 4 | 11 | 35 | 111 | 350 | 1110 | 3500 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| | 5 | 0 | 0 | 1 | 4 | 14 | 44 | 138 | 439 | 1380 | 4390 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| | 6 | 0 | 1 | 2 | 5 | 17 | 52 | 166 | 527 | 1630 | 5270 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| | 7 | 0 | 1 | 2 | 6 | 19 | 61 | 194 | 615 | 1940 | 6150 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| | 8 | 0 | 1 | 2 | 7 | 22 | 70 | 222 | 703 | 2220 | 7030 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| | 9 | 0 | 1 | 3 | 8 | 25 | 79 | 250 | 790 | 2500 | 7900 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| | 10 | 0 | 1 | 3 | 9 | 28 | 88 | 278 | 880 | 2780 | 8800 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| | 11 - 12 | 0 | 1 | 3 | 10 | 33 | 105 | 330 | 1050 | 3300 | 10500 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| | 13 - 14 | 0 | 1 | 4 | 12 | 39 | 123 | 389 | 1230 | 3890 | 12300 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| | 15 - 16 | 0 | 1 | 4 | 14 | 44 | 141 | 444 | 1410 | 4440 | 14100 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| | 17 - 18 | 1 | 2 | 5 | 16 | 50 | 158 | 500 | 1580 | 5000 | 15800 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| | 19 - 20 | 1 | 2 | 6 | 18 | 56 | 176 | 560 | 1760 | 5600 | 17600 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| | 21 - 23 | 1 | 2 | 6 | 20 | 64 | 202 | 639 | 2020 | 6390 | 20200 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| | 24 - 26 | 1 | 2 | 7 | 23 | 72 | 228 | 722 | 2280 | 7220 | 22800 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| | 27 - 30 | 1 | 3 | 8 | 26 | 83 | 263 | 833 | 2630 | 8330 | 26300 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| | 31 - 34 | 1 | 3 | 9 | 30 | 94 | 299 | 944 | 2990 | 9440 | 29900 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| | 35 - 39 | 1 | 3 | 11 | 34 | 108 | 343 | 1080 | 3130 | 10800 | 34300 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| | 40 - 44 | 1 | 4 | 12 | 39 | 122 | 387 | 1220 | 3870 | 12200 | 38700 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| | 45 - 49 | 1 | 4 | 14 | 43 | 136 | 430 | 1360 | 4800 | 13600 | 48000 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| | 50 - 56 | 2 | 5 | 16 | 49 | 156 | 492 | 1560 | 4920 | 15600 | 49200 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| | 57 - 63 | 2 | 6 | 17 | 55 | 175 | 553 | 1750 | 5530 | 17500 | 55300 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| | 64 - 70 | 2 | 6 | 19 | 61 | 191 | 615 | 1940 | 6150 | 19400 | 61500 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| | 71 - 80 | 2 | 7 | 22 | 70 | 222 | 703 | 2220 | 7030 | 22200 | 70300 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| | 81 - 90 | 3 | 8 | 25 | 79 | 250 | 790 | 2500 | 7900 | 25000 | 79000 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| | 91 - 100| 3 | 9 | 28 | 88 | 278 | 878 | 2780 | 8780 | 27800 | 87800 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| |101 - 115| 3 |10 | 32 |101 | 319 |1010 | 3190 |10100 | 31900 |101000 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| |116 - 130| 4 |11 | 36 |114 | 361 |1140 | 3610 |11400 | 36100 |114000 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| |131 - 150| 4 |13 | 42 |132 | 417 |1320 | 4170 |13200 | 41700 |132000 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| |151 - 170| 5 |15 | 47 |149 | 472 |1490 | 4720 |14900 | 47200 |149000 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| |171 - 190| 5 |17 | 53 |167 | 528 |1670 | 5280 |16700 | 52800 |167000 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| |191 - 220| 6 |19 | 61 |193 | 611 |1930 | 6110 |19300 | 61100 |193000 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| |221 - 250| 7 |22 | 69 |220 | 694 |2200 | 6940 |22000 | 69400 |220000 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| |251 - 280| 8 |25 | 78 |246 | 778 |2460 | 7780 |24600 | 77800 |246000 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| |281 - 320| 9 |28 | 89 |281 | 889 |2810 | 8890 |28100 | 88900 |281000 | |---------+----+----+-----+-----+------+------+-------+-------+--------+--------| |321 - 360|10 |32 |100 |316 |1000 |3160 |10000 |31600 |100000 |316000 | ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------   .3.2 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- |  |   ,  | | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| |  | ³ 88 | ³ 93 | ³ 98 | ³ 103| ³ 108| ³ 113| ³ 118 | |   |  92 |  97 |  102 |  107 |  112 |  117 |  122 | || | | | | | | | | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | |   | |---------+---------------------------------------------------------------------| | 1 | 2780 | 86780 | 27800 | 87800 | 278000 | 878000 | 2780000 | |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| | 2 | 5560 | 17600 | 55600 | 176000 | 556000 | 1760000 | 5560000 | |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| | 3 | 8330 | 26400 | 83300 | 264000 | 833000 | 2640000 | 8330000 | |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| | 4 | 11100 | 35000 | 111000 | 350000 | 1110000 | 3500000 | 11100000 | |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| | 5 | 13800 | 43900 | 138000 | 439000 | 1380000 | 4390000 | 13800000 | |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| | 6 | 16600 | 52700 | 166000 | 527000 | 1660000 | 5270000 | 16600000 | |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| | 7 | 19400 | 61500 | 194000 | 615000 | 1940000 | 6150000 | 19400000 | |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| | 8 | 22200 | 70300 | 222000 | 703000 | 2220000 | 7030000 | 22200000 | |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| | 9 | 25000 | 79000 | 250000 | 790000 | 2500000 | 7900000 | 25000000 | |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| | 10 | 27800 | 88000 | 278000 | 880000 | 2780000 | 8800000 | 27800000 | |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| | 11 - 12 | 33000 | 105000 | 330000 | 1050000| 3300000 | 10500000| 33000000 | |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| | 13 - 14 | 38900 | 123000 | 389000 | 1230000| 3890000 | 12300000| 38900000 | |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| | 15 - 16 | 44400 | 141000 | 444000 | 1410000| 4440000 | 14100000| 44400000 | |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| | 17 - 18 | 50000 | 158000 | 500000 | 1580000| 5000000 | 15800000| 50000000 | |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| | 19 - 20 | 56000 | 176000 | 560000 | 1760000| 5600000 | 17600000| 56000000 | |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| | 21 - 23 | 63900 | 202000 | 639000 | 2020000| 6390000 | 20200000| 63900000 | |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| | 24 - 26 | 72200 | 228000 | 272000 | 2280000| 7220000 | 22800000| 72200000 | |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| | 27 - 30 | 83300 | 263000 | 833000 | 2630000| 8330000 | 26300000| 83300000 | |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| | 31 - 34 | 94400 | 299000 | 944000 | 2990000| 9440000 | 29900000| 94400000 | |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| | 35 - 39 | 108000 | 343000 | 1080000 | 3430000| 10800000| 34300000| 108000000| |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| | 40 - 44 | 122000 | 387000 | 1220000 | 3870000| 12200000| 38700000| 122000000| |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| | 45 - 49 | 136000 | 430000 | 1360000 | 4300000| 13600000| 43000000| 136000000| |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| | 50 - 56 | 156000 | 492000 | 1560000 | 4920000| 15600000| 49200000| 156000000| |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| | 57 - 63 | 175000 | 553000 | 1750000 | 5530000| 17500000| 55300000| 175000000| |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| | 64 - 70 | 194000 | 615000 | 1940000 | 6150000| 19400000| 61500000| 194000000| |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| | 71 - 80 | 222000 | 703000 | 2220000 | 7030000| 22200000| 70300000| 222000000| |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| | 81 - 90 | 250000 | 790000 | 2500000 | 7900000| 25000000| 79000000| 250000000| |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| | 91 - 100| 278000 | 878000 | 2780000 | 8780000| 27800000| 87800000| 278000000| |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| |101 - 115| 319000 |1010000 | 3190000 |10100000| 31900000|101000000| 319000000| |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| |116 - 130| 361000 |1140000 | 3610000 |11400000| 36100000|114000000| 361000000| |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| |131 - 150| 417000 |1320000 | 4170000 |13200000| 41700000|132000000| 417000000| |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| |151 - 170| 472000 |1490000 | 4720000 |14900000| 47200000|149000000| 472000000| |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| |171 - 190| 528000 |1670000 | 5280000 |16700000| 52800000|167000000| 528000000| |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| |191 - 220| 611000 |1930000 | 6110000 |19300000| 61100000|193000000| 611000000| |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| |221 - 250| 694000 |2200000 | 6940000 |22000000| 69400000|220000000| 694000000| |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| |251 - 280| 778000 |2460000 | 7780000 |24600000| 77800000|246000000| 778000000| |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| |281 - 320| 889000 |2810000 | 8890000 |28100000| 88900000|281000000| 889000000| |---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+---------+---------+----------| |321 - 360|1000000 |3160000 |10000000 |31600000|100000000|316000000|1000000000| ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------  .3.3 --------------------------------------------------------------------- | | | | |  | |  | | |  | |  | |  | |  | | |---------+-----+---------+-----+----------+-----+------------+-----| | 6 | 8 | 794 | 29 | 100000 | 50 | 12500000 | 71 | |---------+-----+---------+-----+----------+-----+------------+-----| | 8 | 9 | 1000 | 30 | 125900 | 51 | 15850000 | 72 | |---------+-----+---------+-----+----------+-----+------------+-----| | 10 | 10 | 1259 | 34 | 158500 | 52 | 19950000 | 73 | |---------+-----+---------+-----+----------+-----+------------+-----| | 13 | 11 | 1585 | 32 | 199500 | 53 | 25120000 | 74 | |---------+-----+---------+-----+----------+-----+------------+-----| | 16 | 12 | 1995 | 33 | 251200 | 54 | 31620000 | 75 | |---------+-----+---------+-----+----------+-----+------------+-----| | 20 | 13 | 2512 | 34 | 316200 | 55 | 39810000 | 76 | |---------+-----+---------+-----+----------+-----+------------+-----| | 25 | 14 | 3162 | 35 | 398100 | 56 | 50120000 | 77 | |---------+-----+---------+-----+----------+-----+------------+-----| | 32 | 15 | 3981 | 36 | 501200 | 57 | 63100000 | 78 | |---------+-----+---------+-----+----------+-----+------------+-----| | 40 | 16 | 5012 | 37 | 631000 | 58 | 79430000 | 79 | |---------+-----+---------+-----+----------+-----+------------+-----| | 50 | 17 | 6310 | 38 | 794300 | 59 | 100000000 | 80 | |---------+-----+---------+-----+----------+-----+------------+-----| | 63 | 18 | 7943 | 39 | 1000000 | 60 | 125900000 | 81 | |---------+-----+---------+-----+----------+-----+------------+-----| | 79 | 19 | 10000 | 40 | 1259000 | 61 | 158500000 | 82 | |---------+-----+---------+-----+----------+-----+------------+-----| | 100 | 20 | 12590 | 41 | 1585000 | 62 | 199500000 | 83 | |---------+-----+---------+-----+----------+-----+------------+-----| | 126 | 21 | 15850 | 42 | 1995000 | 63 | 251200000 | 84 | |---------+-----+---------+-----+----------+-----+------------+-----| | 159 | 22 | 19950 | 43 | 2512000 | 64 | 310200000 | 85 | |---------+-----+---------+-----+----------+-----+------------+-----| | 200 | 23 | 25120 | 44 | 3162000 | 65 | 398100000 | 86 | |---------+-----+---------+-----+----------+-----+------------+-----| | 251 | 24 | 31620 | 45 | 3981000 | 66 | 501200000 | 87 | |---------+-----+---------+-----+----------+-----+------------+-----| | 316 | 25 | 39810 | 46 | 5012000 | 67 | 631000000 | 88 | |---------+-----+---------+-----+----------+-----+------------+-----| | 398 | 26 | 50120 | 47 | 6310000 | 68 | 794300000 | 89 | |---------+-----+---------+-----+----------+-----+------------+-----| | 501 | 27 | 63100 | 48 | 7943000 | 69 |1000000000 | 90 | |---------+-----+---------+-----+----------+-----+------------+-----| | 631 | 28 | 79430 | 49 |10000000 | 70 | | | ---------------------------------------------------------------------  4        ,           ,   -㳺      :           ,   -     ,     ,     .         ,        .  㳺          ,      .         ,      .4.1   .  .4.1 ------------------------------------------------------------------------- |г |0 | 1 | 2 |3 | 4 | 5 |6 |7 | 8 |9 |10 |15 | 20 | |,  | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |-----------+---+----+----+---+----+----+---+---+----+---+----+----+----| |³ |1 |1,3 |1,6 |2 |2,5 |3,2 |4 |5 |6,3 |8 |10 |32 |100 | |,  | | | | | | | | | | | | | | -------------------------------------------------------------------------         ,    "г "  .      . ³   "³ "      . :    12 . 12     10 + 2; 9 + 3  ..   "г " ,  10    10; 2  - 1,6; 9  - 8; 3 - 2.    10  1,6 = 16; 8  2 = 16.